CYSTOID MACULAR EDEMA

Symptoms
  • Visual loss
  • Metamorphopsia
  • Difficulty in reading
  • Blurry or wavy vision
Causes
  • Complication of ocular treatment
  • Ocular Surger i.e. – Cataract extraction, Penetrating keratoplasty, glaucoma filtration surgery,Retinal detachment surgery.
  • Ocular laser theraphy :
    • Panretinal photocoagulation
    • NDYAG laser capsulotomy
  • Topical Ocular Therapy with eye drops like epinephrine, dipivefrine and prostaglandin analogues, especially in pateients who have undergone cataract surgery.
  • Retinal dystrophies e.g. Retinitis Pigmentosa
  • Vitreomacular traction ; – In epiretinal membrane, Vitreomacular traction syndrome
  • Systemic disease :-
  • Leukaemia
  • Chronic renal failure
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Retinal vascular disorder
  • CRVO, BRVO, Retinal telangiectasia, Eale’s disease
  • Intraocular Inflammation :-
  • Par’s planitis, posterior uveitis, anterior uveitis.
  • Miscellaneous causes :
  • Choroidal neovascularization (CNV)
  • Collagen Vascular disease
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