Optic Neuritis

Symptoms
  • Visual loss monocular sudden progressive profound
  • Dark adaptation lowered
  • Visual obseuration in bright light
  • Imperiment of colour vision
  • Pain in Eye that wosened by the eye movement
  • Visual field loss
  • Flashing lights
  • Uhthoff’s Sign
  • Vision worsens with an increase in body temperature
  • Vision loss one eye which can vary from miled to severe and lasts for 7 – 10 days.
Causes
  • Hereditary ( leber’s disease)
  • Demyelinacting disorders (multiple sclerosis, neuromylitis optica)
  • Para infection optic neuritis (viral infections like measles,mumps, chicken pox, whooping, cough, glandular fever.
  • Infectious optic neuritis may be sinus related or associated with cat scratch fever, syphilis tuberculosis, lyme disease cryptococcal meningitis.
  • Autoimmun disorders associated with optic neuritis includesarcoidois,systemic lumpus erythematosus, polyarthritis nodosa, gullain Barre syndrome.
  • Idiopathic : in loargecasesunderlaying cause is un identified.
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