Diabetic Retinopathy risk factors include
Signs And Symptoms Of Diabetic Retinopathy May Include
Diabetic Retinopathy Is Classified Into
Mild Nonproliferative Retinopathy
Moderate Nonproliferative Retinopathy
Many more blood vessels are blocked, depriving blood supply to areas of the retina. These areas secrete growth factors that signal the retina to grow new blood vessels.
Any of the following (4-2-1 rule) and no signs of proliferative retinopathy:
PROLIFERATIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
Proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is the more advanced form of the disease. At this stage, circulation problems deprive the retina of oxygen. As a result new, fragile blood vessels can begin to grow in the retina and into the vitreous, the gel-like fluid that fills the back of the eye. The new blood vessels may leak blood into the vitreous, clouding vision.
Characterized by growth of new vessels on the surface of the retina.
Fine to severe loops of new vessels that may grow on the optic disc: neovascularization of the disc (NVD) or elsewhere (NVE)
In the anterior segment, PDR is manifested by neovascularization of the iris (NVI), the angle (NVA) and may eventually complicated with neovascular glaucoma
These new vessels may leak and resulting in retinal edema. They are also fragile and prone to bleed
Opaque fibrovascular proliferation tissue often appears on the internal limiting membrane (adjacent to the new vessels) and becomes adherent to the vitreous
Contraction Of This Fibrovascular Tissue May Lead To
PDR WITH TRACTIONAL RETINAL DETACHMENT(TRD)
IN THIS CONDITION OF RETINA OUR TREATMENT HELPS IN STABILITY OF RETINA DEPENDING ON THE TRACTIONS AND WHEN THERE IS NO RETINAL DETACHMENT